by Ingredient

Britsh and American Equivilents

American to British Recipe Terms

Some common American ingredient terminology translated into the equivalent British term.

American Term British Term
all-purpose flour plain flour
bacon streaky bacon
bread flour strong flour
broil grill (with oven)
broiling grilling (with oven)
casserole bake
Canadian bacon bacon
dark brown sugar demerara sugar
eggplant aubergine
flour plain flour
graham crackers digestive biscuits
granulated sugar (or just sugar) castor sugar
karo syrup (corn syrup) golden syrup
half and half single cream
ham gammon
heavy cream double cream
light cream single cream
molasses treacle
navy beans haricot beans
pie cherries Morello cherries
pumpkin pie spice mixed spice
seedless raisins sultanas
semi-sweet chocolate dark cooking chocolate
tomato paste tomato puree
turnips swedes
whipping cream double cream
zucchini courgette

British to American Terms

Some common British ingredient terminology translated into the equivalent American term.

British Term American Term
aubergine eggplant
bacon ham or Canadian Bacon
castor sugar superfine granulated sugar
courgette zucchini
dark cooking chocolate semi-sweet chocolate
demerara sugar dark brown sugar
digestive biscuits graham crackers
double cream whipping cream, heavy cream
gammon ham
golden syrup light karo syrup (corn syrup)
grill broil (with oven)
grilling broiling (with oven)
haricot beans navy beans
mixed spice substitute pumpkin pie spice
Morello cherries pie cherries
plain flour all-purpose flour
single cream light cream
strong flour bread flour
sultanas seedless light raisins
treacle molasses
tomato puree tomato paste
streaky bacon bacon
swedes turnips


anonymous Portland, United States

You are mistaken posting that seedless raisins =sultanas. The American equivalent of sultanas are sold as "golden raisins." They are, I believe made from green grapes rather than red or purple grapes.

anonymous Inver Grove Heights, United States

You are correct about sultanas being dried white grapes. In England sultanas are smaller than than regular raisins. They are also a bit sweeter. Great for baking.AZZ

anonymous Taylorsville, United States

incorrect on British term for Swede, American equivalent turnip. NOT SO
American equivalent is rutabaga

anonymous Santa Maria, United States

Golden syrup is not same as corn syrup! You can sometimes get away with substituting one for the other, but you best not count on it.


Castor sugar is actually baking sugar, which is a finer particle size than regular granulated sugar. Or bar sugar (from what I’ve read - I’ve only used baking sugar)

anonymous Nuneaton, United Kingdom

You should really re-do this list. It’s filled with inaccuracies.

anonymous , United States

What is musqvarna sugar

anonymous Denver, United States

What is the American equivalent to cornflour in the UK?

anonymous , United States

i agree with all the inaccuracies posted in comments. also missing: sweet paste. what is it called in U.S?

anonymous , United States

i use corn starch when the brits say cornflour.

anonymous , United States

this looks like a bad typo. sounds like muscovado sugar. you can substitute homemade brown sugar: 1 tbsp molasses to 1 cup granulated sugar. it'll come close, mores than turbinado sugar.

anonymous , United States

also called superfine can sugar. dominos distributes it everywhere in U.S.

anonymous Lindley, United States

Came across a British recipe and it calls for single sugar? Do you know what this is thanks

anonymous El Segundo, United States

Is superfine sugar the American version of icing sugar

anonymous Ottawa, Canada

Icing suger is American powdered sugar

anonymous , United Kingdom

What does it mean when it says shortening?

anonymous North Las Vegas, United States

there is no such thing as single sugar in England. From a Brit. Also sultanas are much bigger and sweeter that raisins. Which is what there is here in .the States

anonymous , United States

I know what shortening is in USA but not what it's called in the UK. It's a solid, neutral-flavored fat often used in piecrust, cookies, or in frying. It often used to be partially hydrogenated vegetable oil, but since we've learned that is unhealthy, it's often palm oil now. You can substitute lard (rendered pork fat) also.

anonymous Texarkana, United States

What is maze in England?

anonymous London, United Kingdom

I thin shortening is called lard in the UK

J Ephrata, United States


JWSUK London, United Kingdom

Shortening sounds like lard - generally pork (or beef in some places) fat which makes piecrusts.
This is not the same as vegetable oil or palm oil, as it is not plant based.

I agree with everyone about sultanas. Maybe they are thinking of currants? I would need to find someone who likes dried fruit to answer that for sure.

Icing sugar I think is either confectioners sugar or powdered sugar in the usa.

Turnips and swedes are completely different (although to be fair they are both root vegetables) I agree that it's probably rutabaga in the USA. I think turnips are more white, as opposed to swede which is a yellowy/orange colour.

Not all bacon is called streaky bacon here! We have back bacon, streaky bacon, bacon joints (although to be fair that's very similar if not identical to, gammon joints), smoky bacon, bacon lardons etc. I prefer back bacon as there's less fat for the way we cook our bacon, although crispy american bacon is lovely.

Ham here is very diverse also... although yes what you call "a ham" is a gammon joint, or what we call gammon steaks the usa probably call ham steaks.

JWS London, United Kingdom

For the usa lunch meat is accepted for pretty much all deli meat options. Here, luncheon meat is a very specific type of ham/deli meat so if you ask for lunch meat here you'll get that. Or maybe Spam. You would not get offered salt beef, honey roast ham, breaded ham, corned beef, sliced chicken etc.

What you call grilled cheese we call a cheese toasty. Or a Welsh Rarebit depending upon how it's prepared.

What you call pudding is absolutely not what you would get in the UK. Pudding here is similar to cake (think sticky toffee pudding) but it is made with suet. Likewise if you were to have a meat pie here (or pie as we would say) that would be made with regular pastry, but a steak and kidney pudding etc would be made with suet. Both of these would be steamed instead of baked in the oven.

I think it's not demerera which would be your dark brown sugar - demerara is more golden brown and has a distinctive smell. Whereas brown sugar is indeed brown and there are other types of sugar which are darker still.

TL;DR - this page needs a LOT of corrections.

anonymous Lynnwood, United States

Oh dear. So many problems here.

anonymous Hove, United Kingdom

We have both swede and turnip in the UK, they are different veg!

anonymous Monroe, United States

What is the American equivalent to Cream hardener. It was used in making a frosting like filling in a recipe I found. It called for 2 packets of cream hardener

anonymous Istanbul, Turkey

Shortening in the UK is Lard, you can also get vegetable shortening for example white flora, used in baking when you want a short pastry, like short crust pastry


Too many errors to be useful unfortunately.

anonymous London, United Kingdom

So America has no SR Flour, just 2 types both of which are the same?

Sonja , United States

America has self rising flour, all purpose ( plain flour), cake flour, bread flour, and a variety of other flours like almond flour, corn meal ( corn flour here is corn starch), and whole wheat flour. It used to be hard to find self rising flour outside of the American South years ago but it is nationwide now.

JudithMc Kingswood, Australia


Stewie Glasgow, United Kingdom

Who gives a fig about ingredients from a third world country like the USA? Their diets are awful, they are all the size of small planets and are riddled with heart disease and high cholesterol.
If they aren't shot, often as children, by white supremacists or die through easily dealt with conditions due to having no free health system they generally explode through over eating by the age of 35.

Linda Macungie, United States


anonymous Macungie, United States

Swede is Rutabaga in USA

PigletJohn Leighton Buzzard, United Kingdom

By "sweet paste" I think you mean Pâte Sucrée (French term), a superior sweet crisp pastry made with warm sugar and softened butter creamed together, egg yolks beaten in, sifted flour folded in, chilled before rolling out (unlike short pastry which is more common in UK, made with cold hands and cold ingredients). In UK it is sometimes called "sugar crust/sweet pastry" but is not common among home cooks and is uncommon in shop-bought confectionery.

I am English but descended from Swiss French Maître Pâtissier (which we do not have in England).

PigletJohn Leighton Buzzard, United Kingdom

No I am not familiar with the term. In UK granulated sugar is coarse crystals we put in our tea, caster sugar is fine crystals for shaking over fruit (from a caster) or doughnuts and used in baking, icing sugar is powdered sugar used for making icing (frosting) and sometimes dusted over cakes and pastries. Cube sugar we also put in our tea if posh, using sugar tongs.

PigletJohn Leighton Buzzard, United Kingdom

I would use lard for the pastry of a meat pie. It is always used for the special pastry of a pork pie which is hot-water crust.

For a sweet pastry I would normally use butter, but you can get solid cooking fats (trade names e.g. Stork which is a yellow vegetable fat to substitute for butter, or Trex which is a white vegetable fat to substitute for lard.

Lard is refined from pork fat and is clean white with no meat residue or taste. It has a very high smoking point so does not degrade in high temperature work such as fried steak, or baked yorkshire puddings. It is not often used in the trade as it is more expensive than vegetable oil, and some religions exclude it.

For high-quality patisserie, chilled unsalted sweetcream butter is used, which is not widely retailed as it is basically cream and will not keep.

BTW I don't know why my location says Leighton Buzzard. I am on the South Coast.

PigletJohn Leighton Buzzard, United Kingdom


PigletJohn Leighton Buzzard, United Kingdom

A maze is a hedge formed into a complex shape so you can walk into it and get lost, it will take some time to find your way out.

Maize, however, is the agricultural term for sweetcorn.

anonymous , United Kingdom

Can some one tell me what a case of sugar is in grams??

anonymous Fort Worth, United States

Can anyone tell me what hot candy syrup is equivalent to in the US? Have seen it in a recipe and am not sure what it is referring to. Wondering if it is either hot fudge sauce or Hersheys chocolate syrup because was used in a chocolate recipe.

anonymous , United States

Icing sugar equals confectioners sugar, in the USA.

You could make your own by processing regular table sugar in a food processor until it is like a dust. It's sugar taken down to it's smallest particle.

anonymous London, United Kingdom

Swede and turnip are different veg. How annoying

anonymous Cuyahoga Falls, United States

This list is riddled in mistakes.

British: Idiots
American: American

anonymous , United States

Your I.Q. is likely the same as your age.

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